Dental Appliances – Sleep Apnea in Kids with ADHD

Airway Orthodontic Appliances for Kids with Sleep Apnea and Sleep Disordered Breathing

Sleep apnea and sleep disordered breathing in kids often presents with ADHD-like symptoms. Airway orthodontic appliance therapy can help solve this problem. The child can suffer from behavioral and learning issues when really they are never getting a good night’s sleep. Before jumping to conclusions that your child has a mental diagnosis, see if your child has any of the symptoms below. Don’t immediately reach for an adderral prescription. We should first examine how well our children are breathing and sleeping first.

Symptoms of Sleep Apnea in Kids and Sleep Disordered Breathing

What warning signs should you be looking for in your child? If you spot any of the following conditions or behaviors below, you should contact Dr. Adams for a consultation. Your child may be suffering from sleep disordered breathing and child sleep apnea.

  1. Family History of Sleep Apnea
  2. Dark circles under the eyes
  3. Mouth-breathing
  4. Snoring, Heavy or Noisy
  5. Night Terrors
  6. Bed wetting
  7. Clenching Teeth during Sleep
  8. Restless sleep
  9. Hard to wake up in the morning
  10. Dry mouth at night
  11. Falling asleep at school or when riding in the car
  12. Crooked teeth
  13. Chronic runny or stuffy nose
  14. Chronic ear infections
  15. Sinusitis
  16. Hyperactive behavior

Dr Adams’ favorite airway orthodontic appliances are the Schwarz appliance, ALF appliance, Crozat appliances. And for older kids, the DNA appliance. The holistic airway appliances can prevent and correct sleep apnea and sleep disordered breathing in kids.

Steps to Airway Orthodontic Treatment

Airway Orthodontics or holistic orthodontics can greatly improve your child’s life and long-term health prognosis. Conventional orthodontic wisdom has recommended that a child first have an orthodontic evaluation at age 7, but not treat until age 12. That is too late. 90% of facial growth is done by age 11-13. A child should be seen at 1-2 years of age, then again at 4-5 and as necessary thereafter. Some children may need no treatment at all and others may need multiple phases of treatment including:

  1. tongue tie release and therapy
  2. baby teeth expanders
  3. adult teeth expanders
  4. straightening and finishing with braces or Invisalign

Poor Sleep in Kids Causes Irreversible Health Damage

Research is showing that the neurological and physical effects of mouth-breathing and sleep disordered breathing in children are not always reversible. At Maryland Holistic Dentistry, Dr. Adams wants to see kids when the first tooth breaks through the gum tissue and no later than age 1 or 2. Even earlier if they are having feeding issues as that can lead to poor oral muscle function and facial growth. This way, we can monitor your child closely and correct poor habits early and help direct good facial growth that contributes to healthy airways, better breathing and a healthier and more successful life. We are finding that with early treatment (sometimes as early as age 3) and with motivated parents and patients that very few “braces” are needed after all the adult teeth arrive.

ADHD and Behavior in Kids is Related to Sleep

The Way Your Child Breathes Can Determine How They learn, behave and perform intellectually and physically. We all know how much children need sleep. Children, like adults, need to breathe well while asleep for their sleep to be restorative. Even more importantly, kids need the deep restorative sleep that promotes optimal brain development. When the brain feels like the next breath may never come, it turns on all the body’s survival instincts, like an increased heart rate, pressure and release of adrenaline, also known as the “flight or fight” response. This causes the body’s immune responses to run wild and creates inflammation throughout the whole body. For children, this chronic state of alarm on the body and brain- along with lack of oxygen and occurrence of sleep fragmentation – can lead to symptoms of ADHD, learning disabilities, anxiety, depression, lack of social coping skills and peer related problems. They are often suffering from sleep deprivation.

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