Healthy Tongue Function Promotes Jaw and Airway Growth in Children?

tongue tie and high vaulted small palateEarly diagnosis of tongue ties and lip ties in can help prevent crowded teeth and small airways. If a tongue is “tied” down it has limited range of motion and it can not expand the teeth and jaws properly during child development. Or simply put, if the tongue is not working properly, proper anterior facial growth will not happen. The push of the tongue is what develops the jaws and facial structures in a growing child. The tongue can not reach the palate when tied. The tongue is responsible for developing the shape of the palate. If the tongue is tied, it may not even be able to reach the palate. Palates will be high-vaulted and narrow. Tongue Tie can lead to under development of the jaws and a small upper airway. Did you know that 15% of children have an undiagnosed moderate to severe airway or pediatric sleep apnea problem? Small mouths and airways can lead to TMJ pain and sleep apnea in adulthood.

Diagnosing Lip Tie is important in Kids

Lip ties will draw the lips back onto the teeth, resisting outward growth of the jaws. When a tongue is un-tied it can regain range of motion and promote proper facial development. Often myofunctional therapy and tongue exercises need to be done for the tongue to properly regain normal range of motion.

Expanders and Growth Appliance Video by Dr. Adams

When teeth are crowded other forward growth and expander treatments are necessary. Expansion or forward growth. Dr. Adams treats his patients with a variety of different palatal expanders and forward growth appliances. A few of his favorites are the ALF appliance and Schwarz appliance. Additionally a full evaluation of lip and tongue ties and breathing patterns is always completed at Maryland Holistic Dentist in Burtonsville Maryland.

tongue tieTongue and Lip Tie Release with Laser

Tongue tie and lip can be easily be treated in 1 min. with minimal pain and no bleeding.  A diode laser treatment removes the unwanted attachment  or “tie”in seconds. The Procedure is called a “lingual frenectomy”. Early treatment can prevent mouth breathing and sleep disordered breathing.

before and after palatal expansion

Growth and development of mouth begins within the uterus and continues for approximately the first six months of an infant’s life. Oral health and development problems usually develop within the first year of life. Negative changes and abnormalities in the face, mouth structures and airway are largely responsible for developmental abnormalities within the oral cavity.

How Facial and Jaw Bone Grows with Expanders

The Tongue and Development of the Mouth

Tongue plays an important role in the normal development growth and function of mouth structures. Tongue is present in the floor of mouth and is attached to different bones through muscles. Tongue makes connection with the lower jaw, hyoid bone, styloid process and pharynx.

How Does the Tongue Naturally Expand the Palate?

Mastication, chewing, swallowing, taste perception and sound production are among the important functions in which tongue assists teeth and mouth structures. Tip and margin of tongue, its dorsum and inferior surfaces and its root all play their part. The tip or margin of tongue usually rests against the upper front teeth while body of tongue rests against the palate. When your tongue is placed in correct posture, it exerts an upward and forward force on upper jaws helping in proper growth and development. Abnormal tongue posture causes disturbed jaw development as well as crowded teeth. Majority of tongue forces become distal in case of para-function.

Approximately 1.4 grams force is usually sufficient for causing movement of teeth and alterations in the bone structure in your mouth. Tongue muscles are capable of exerting approximately 500 grams force. These forces must work properly in a coordinated fashion according to body’s requirements in order to achieve healthy functioning and attractive smiles. These forces can be balanced if swallowing patterns are under control and upper tongue rest posture is maintained. This helps in the normal eruption of teeth around the tongue in lower jaw and prevents mal-alignment and development of rotated and crooked teeth.

In conclusion, your tongue must rest against the palate having lips sealed and the teeth slightly apart or in light contact. A perfect teeth occlusion and a beautiful smile depend upon normal tongue posture and shape. In case of tongue abnormalities and disorders, consult your oral surgeon for an early management plan.

DNA appliance therapy is a good option for adults suffering for from TMJ and teeth clenching, sleep apnea and facial under development. Dental alternatives to There are other adult growth treatments including the AGGA forward growth therapy and the Homeoblock.

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