Why Platelet Rich Fibrin is used for Dental Implants?
Benefits of PRF treatment in Implant Surgery:
- Less Swelling and Pain after Dental Implant Procedure
- Faster Healing of Bone around Dental Implants
- Stronger Bone Attachment to Dental Implants
- Decreases chances of infection after implant surgery
- Decreases chances of Implant Failure
- Helps Prevent Bone Loss in the implant area
What is PRF or Platelet Rich Fibrin?
Platelet rich fibrin is known as a second generation platelet concentrate. PRF has superior characteristics as compared to platelet rich plasma. It is extremely beneficial in bone preservation, formation and new bone deposition around newly placed dental implant sites. Platelet rich fibrin greatly enhances and accelerates the biological process of growing bone around the surface of implants and socket bone tissues. Successful osseointegration is achieved in the presence of platelet rich fibrin which is the first and foremost step for the success of tooth replacement. Similarly, in areas of bone defects especially front teeth of greater esthetic concern, platelet rich fibrin helps bone regeneration and helps in filling the defects for excellent outcomes in a short amount of time. PRF remains active in the surgical site for approximately 14-28 days as compared to 14 hours duration of platelet rich plasma.
PRF Bone Graft Technique Video:
PRF Prevents Infection During Oral Surgery
Platelet rich fibrin dramatically increases implant surgery success rates. In addition to increasing the quantity of bone in the required dimensions, it also enhances gum tissue growth and regeneration following dental implant placement. Deposition of cementum-like tissues has been associated with platelet rich fibrin further making dental implants mimic natural teeth roots. Platelet rich fibrin has been considered as the gold standard in all procedures involving indications for bone and soft tissue regeneration and imparting beautiful smiles in areas requiring larger bone fills is quite possible now. PRF helps oral surgeons with wisdom tooth extraction sites. It facilitates at an accelerated rate. And it also reduces the risk of infection.
Platelet Rich Fibrin Preserves Bone in Extraction Sites
Successful dental implant surgery requires sufficient thickness, quality, width and quantity of healthy jaw bones in the intended socket area following loss of natural teeth. Resorption and loss of socket bone following removal of compromised natural teeth is common and approximately 1/4th of the bone around empty sockets diminishes in the first year after tooth removal. Immediate implant placement has been documented to be a successful method for preventing these unwanted consequences but cannot always be performed. Similarly, socket preservation methods leaving some portion of the root within the jaw bones have also shown less bone dissolution. Recent innovations have given rise to autologous platelet concentrates which have shown promising results. Platelet rich plasma has been in common practice for bone and soft tissue regeneration and preservation but it showed lesser efficacy and the need for an activator and associated coagulopathies due to presence of bovine thrombin limited its use.
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